A recent Interesting Engineering article presented good news for those living with type 1 diabetes. Current treatments include a low-carb, low-sugar diet paired with daily insulin injections or pumps. Though there is no cure, scientists are working to develop a vaccine that could come in a number of forms: antigen-specific vaccine, single peptide vaccine, altered peptide ligand vaccine, adjuvant stimulated diabetes vaccine, TB vaccine, repurpose.
The article delves into the specifics of each type of vaccine and the strategy behind it. Time will tell which of these options will prove as an effective treatment, or even lead to an eventual cure.